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Constitution's Vocabulary


Every word now in it has, more or less, settled meaning. Any amendments that add new ones, however, could open the door to all sorts of unanticipated mischief.


he United States Constitution's remarkably small vocabulary isn't a bug. It's a vital feature for the protection of every citizen's liberties. Even with just 1,068 different words to "interpret" twist and mangle, we've already seen how much damage the judiciary and other branches can pompously inflict on those liberties. (Øfascist"CareTax", anyone?) Adding constitutionally-unknown words like "balanced budget," "gross" domestic "product," or "political equality" would merely give them all leave to inflict even more.

Authors of proposed amendments who wish to avoid opening this door would do very well to confine themselves as much as possible to that limited vocabulary.

First, those 1,068 words in our Constitution, in alphabetical order:

1, 15th;

2, 20th;


A, Ability, Abridge, Abridged, Abridging, Absence, Absent, Absolutely, Accept, Acceptance, According, Accordingly, Account, Accusation, Accused, Act, Acted, Acting, Acts, Actual, Actually, Adding, Addition, Adhering, Adjourn, Adjournment, Admiralty, Admit, Admitted, Adoption, Advice, Affect, Affecting, Affirm, Affirmation, After, Against, Age, Agree, Agreement, Aid, All, Alliance, Alone, Also, Alter, Ambassadors, Amendment, Amendments, America, Among, An, And, Another, Answer, Any, Appellate, Application, Apply, Appoint, Appointed, Appointment, Appointments, Apportioned, Apportionment, Appropriate, Appropriation, Appropriations, Approve, Approved, Are, Arising, Armies, Arming, Arms, Army, Arrest, Arsenals, Article, Articles, Arts, As, Ascertained, Assemble, Assembled, Assembling, Assistance, Assume, At, Attainder, Attained, Attainted, Attendance, Authority, Authorized, Authors;

Bail, Ballot, Ballots, Bankruptcies, Basis, Be, Bear, Become, Becomes, Been, Before, Begin, Beginning, Behaviour, Being, Belonging, Best, Between, Beverage, Bill, Bills, Blessings, Blood, Body, Born, Borrow, Both, Bound, Bounties, Branch, Breach, Bribery, Buildings, Business, But, By;

Call, Called, Calling, Cannot, Capital, Capitation, Captures, Care, Carolina, Carrying, Case, Cases, Cause, Census, Certain, Certificates, Certify, Cession, Charged, Chief, Choice, Choose, Choosing, Chosen, Chuse, Chusing, Citizen, Citizens, Civil, Claim, Claiming, Claims, Class, Classes, Clauses, Clear, Coin, Collect, Color, Comfort, Commander, Commenced, Commerce, Commission, Commissions, Committed, Common, Compact, Compel, Compelled, Compensation, Composed, Compulsory, Concerned, Concerning, Concur, Concurrence, Concurrent, Condition, Confederation, Confession, Confirmation, Confronted, Congress, Connecticut, Consent, Consequence, Consideration, Considered, Consist, Constitute, Constituting, Constitution, Constitutional, Constitutionally, Construed, Consuls, Continuance, Continue, Contracted, Contracts, Contrary, Controul, Controversies, Controversy, Convene, Convened, Convention, Conventions, Convicted, Conviction, Corpus, Corruption, Counsel, Counted, Counterfeiting, Counting, Court, Courts, Created, Credit, Crime, Crimes, Criminal, Cruel, Current;

Danger, Date, Day, Days, Death, Debate, Debt, Debts, December, Decide, Declaration, Declare, Declaring, Deem, Defence, Defend, Defense, Define, Delaware, Delay, Delegated, Delivered, Delivery, Demand, Denied, Deny, Department, Departments, Deprive, Deprived, Derived, Describing, Desire, Determine, Determined, Determines, Devolve, Devolved, Died, Different, Diminished, Direct, Directed, Disability, Disagreement, Disapproved, Discharge, Discharged, Discipline, Disciplining, Discoveries, Disorderly, Disparage, Dispose, Disqualification, Distinct, District, Divided, Do, Dock-Yards, Dollars, Domestic, Drawn, Due, Duly, During, Duties, Duty;

Each, Effect, Effects, Eight, Eighteen, Eighteenth, Either, Elect, Elected, Election, Elections, Elector, Electors, Eligible, Emancipation, Emit, Emolument, Emoluments, Employed, Empower, Encreased, End, Ended, Enemies, Enforce, Engage, Engaged, Engagements, Enjoy, Enter, Entered, Entitled, Enumeration, Equal, Equally, Equity, Erected, Erection, Escaping, Establish, Established, Establishment, Event, Ever, Every, Ex, Exceed, Exceeding, Except, Excepted, Excepting, Exceptions, Excessive, Excises, Excluding, Exclusive, Execute, Executed, Executing, Execution, Executive, Exercise, Exist, Existing, Exists, Expedient, Expel, Expenditures, Expiration, Expire, Exportation, Exported, Exports, Extend, Extraordinary;

Fact, Facto, Failed, Failure, Faith, Faithfully, Favor, Felonies, Felony, Fifth, Fifths, Fill, Fines, First, Five, Fix, Fixed, Fled, Flee, Following, Follows, For, Forces, Foregoing, Foreign, Forfeiture, Form, Formed, Forth, Forts, Forty-Eight, Found, Four, Fourteen, Fourth, Fourths, Free, Freedom, From, Full, Further;

General, Georgia, Give, Given, Giving, Going, Gold, Good, Governing, Government, Grand, Grant, Granted, Granting, Grants, Greatest, Grievances, Guarantee;

Habeas, Had, Hampshire, Happen, Has, Have, Having, He, Heads, Held, Hereby, Herein, Hereof, High, Highest, Him, Himself, His, Hold, Holding, Honor, Hours, House, Houses, Hundred;

I, If, Illegal, Immediately, Imminent, Immunities, Impairing, Impartial, Impeachment, Impeachments, Importation, Imports, Imposed, Imposts, In, Inability, Included, Including, Incomes, Increased, Incurred, Indian, Indians, Indictment, Ineligible, Infamous, Inferior, Inflicted, Information, Informed, Infringed, Inhabitant, Inhabitants, Inoperative, Inspection, Insure, Insurrection, Insurrections, Intents, Intervened, Into, Intoxicating, Invaded, Invasion, Invasions, Inventors, Involuntary, Is, Issue, It, It's, Its;

January, Jeopardy, Jersey, Journal, Judge, Judges, Judgment, Judicial, Junction, Jurisdiction, Jury, Just, Justice;

Keep, Kind, King;

Labour, Laid, Land, Lands, Large, Latter, Law, Laws, Lay, Least, Legislation, Legislative, Legislature, Legislatures, Letters, Levying, Liable, Liberty, Life, Like, Likewise, Limb, Limitations, Limited, Liquors, List, Lists, Longer, Loss;

Made, Magazines, Maintain, Majority, Make, Male, Manner, Manufacture, March, Maritime, Marque, Maryland, Massachusetts, May, Measures, Meet, Meeting, Member, Members, Mentioned, Migration, Miles, Military, Militia, Ministers, Misdemeanors, Mode, Monday, Money, More, Most, My;

Name, Names, Nations, Natural, Naturalization, Naturalized, Nature, Naval, Navy, Nays, Necessary, Needful, Neither, Net, Nevertheless, New, New-York, Next, Nine, Ninth, No, Nobility, Nominate, Noon, Nor, North, Not, Nothing, Notwithstanding, Now, Number, Numbers, Numerous;

Oath, Objections, Obligation, Obligations, Obliged, Obtaining, Occasions, October, Of, Offence, Offences, Office, Officer, Officers, Offices, Older, On, Once, One, Only, Open, Operative, Opinion, Or, Ordain, Order, Organizing, Original, Originate, Originated, Other, Others, Otherwise, Our, Ourselves, Out, Over, Overt, Own, Owner;

Paid, Papers, Pardons, Part, Participation, Particular, Particularly, Parts, Party, Pass, Passed, Pay, Payment, Peace, Peaceably, Penalties, Pennsylvania, Pensions, People, Perfect, Perform, Period, Person, Persons, Petition, Piracies, Place, Places, Plantations, Poll, Populous, Ports, Possession, Post, Posterity, Power, Powers, Preference, Prejudice, Prescribe, Prescribed, Presence, Present, Presented, Presentment, Preserve, Preserved, Preside, President, Press, Prevent, Previous, Previously, Primary, Prince, Principal, Prior, Private, Privilege, Privileged, Privileges, Pro, Probable, Proceed, Proceedings, Process, Produce, Profit, Progress, Prohibited, Prohibiting, Promote, Proper, Property, Proportion, Propose, Proposed, Proposing, Prosecuted, Prosecutions, Protect, Protection, Proved, Provide, Provided, Providence, Provisions, Public, Publish, Published, Punish, Punishment, Punishments, Purchased, Purpose, Purposes, Pursuance, Put;

Qualification, Qualifications, Qualified, Qualify, Quartered, Question, Questioned, Quorum;

Race, Raise, Raising, Ratification, Ratified, Ratifying, Reason, Rebellion, Receipt, Receipts, Receive, Recess, Recommend, Reconsider, Reconsideration, Reconsidered, Records, Redress, Reduced, Reexamined, Regard, Regular, Regulate, Regulated, Regulation, Regulations, Relating, Religion, Religious, Remain, Remainder, Removal, Remove, Removed, Repassed, Repealed, Repel, Representation, Representative, Representatives, Reprieves, Reprisal, Republican, Require, Required, Requisite, Reserved, Reserving, Reside, Resident, Resignation, Resolution, Respect, Respecting, Respective, Respectively, Resume, Retained, Return, Returned, Returning, Returns, Revenue, Revision, Rhode-Island, Right, Rights, Roads, Rule, Rules;

Safety, Said, Sale, Same, Science, Sealed, Searched, Searches, Seas, Seat, Seats, Second, Secrecy, Section, Sections, Secure, Securing, Securities, Security, Seized, Seizures, Selected, Senate, Senator, Senators, Sent, Service, Services, Servitude, Session, Seven, Several, Sex, Shall, Ships, Should, Sign, Signed, Silver, Sitting, Six, Sixth, Slave, Slavery, Smaller, So, Soldier, Sole, Solemnly, Some, Source, South, Speaker, Speech, Speedy, Square, Standard, State, Stated, Statement, States, Subject, Subjects, Submission, Subsequent, Successors, Such, Sufficient, Suffrage, Suit, Suits, Sundays, Support, Supported, Suppress, Suppressing, Supreme, Suspended, Swear;

Take, Taken, Tax, Taxed, Taxes, Temporary, Tempore, Ten, Tender, Term, Terms, Territory, Test, Testimony, Than, That, The, Their, Them, Themselves, Then, There, Thereafter, Thereby, Therein, Thereof, Thereupon, They, Thing, Things, Think, Third, Thirds, Thirty, This, Those, Thousand, Three, Three-Fourths, Throughout, Time, Times, Title, To, Together, Tonnage, Training, Tranquility, Transmit, Transmits, Transportation, Treason, Treasury, Treaties, Treaty, Trial, Tribes, Tribunals, Tried, Troops, Trust, Try, Twelfth, Twenty, Twenty-One, Twice, Two, Two-Thirds;

Unable, Under, Uniform, Union, United, Unless, Unreasonable, Until, Unusual, Up, Upon, Use, Useful;

Vacancies, Vacancy, Vacated, Valid, Validity, Value, Varying, Vessels, Vest, Vested, Vice, Vice-President, Violated, Violation, Violence, Virginia, Void, Vote, Voted, Votes, Voting;

War, Warrants, Was, Water, Way, We, Weights, Welfare, Well, Were, What, Whatever, Whatsoever, When, Whenever, Where, Wherein, Whereof, Which, Who, Whole, Whom, Whose, Will, With, Within, Without, Witness, Witnesses, Work, Would, Writ, Writing, Writings, Writs, Written;

Year, Years, Yeas.

Now its vocabulary, omitting repeated words, in written order:

We The People Of United States In Order To Form A More Perfect Union Establish Justice Insure Domestic Tranquility Provide For Common Defense Promote General Welfare And Secure Blessings Liberty Ourselves Our Posterity Do Ordain This Constitution America

Article I

Section 1. All Legislative Powers Herein Granted Shall Be Vested Congress Which Consist Senate House Representatives

Section 2. Composed Members Chosen Every Second Year By Several Electors Each State Have Qualifications Requisite Most Numerous Branch Legislature

No Person Representative Who Not Attained Age Twenty Five Years Been Seven Citizen When Elected An Inhabitant That He

Direct Taxes Apportioned Among May Included Within According Their Respective Numbers Determined Adding Whole Number Free Persons Including Those Bound Service Term Excluding Indians Taxed Three Fifths Other Actual Enumeration Made After First Meeting Subsequent Ten Such Manner As They Law Exceed One Thirty Thousand But At Least Until New Hampshire Entitled Chuse Massachusetts Eight Rhode-Island Providence Plantations Connecticut New-York Six Jersey Four Pennsylvania Delaware Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Georgia

Vacancies Happen Representation From Any Executive Authority Thereof Issue Writs Election Fill

Speaker Officers Sole Power Impeachment

Section 3. Two Senators Senator Vote

Immediately Assembled Consequence Divided Equally Into Classes Seats Class Vacated Expiration Fourth Third Sixth So If Resignation Or Otherwise During Recess Make Temporary Appointments Next Then


Vice President Unless

Also Pro Tempore Absence Exercise Office

Try Impeachments Sitting Purpose On Oath Affirmation Is Tried Chief Preside Convicted Without Concurrence Thirds Present

Judgment Cases Extend Further Than Removal Disqualification Hold Enjoy Honor Trust Profit Under Party Nevertheless Liable Subject Indictment Trial Punishment

Section 4. Times Places Holding Elections Prescribed Time Alter Regulations Except Chusing

Assemble Once Monday December Appoint Different Day

Section 5. Judge Returns Its Own Majority Constitute Quorum Business Smaller Adjourn Authorized Compel Attendance Absent Penalties

Determine Rules Proceedings Punish Disorderly Behaviour With Expel Member

Keep Journal Publish Same Excepting Parts Require Secrecy Yeas Nays Either Question Desire Fifth Entered

Neither Session Consent Days Nor Place Houses

Section 6. Receive Compensation Services Ascertained Paid Out Treasury Treason Felony Breach Peace Privileged Arrest Going Returning Speech Debate Questioned

Was Appointed Civil Created Emoluments Whereof Encreased His Continuance

Section 7. Bills Raising Revenue Originate Propose Concur Amendments

Bill Passed Before It Become Presented Approve Sign Return Objections Originated Enter Large Proceed Reconsider Reconsideration Agree Pass Sent Together Likewise Reconsidered Approved Votes Both Names Voting Against Respectively Returned Sundays Excepted Him Like Had Signed Adjournment Prevent Case

Resolution Necessary Take Effect Being Disapproved Repassed Limitations

Section 8. Lay Collect Duties Imposts Excises Pay Debts Defence Uniform Throughout

Borrow Money Credit

Regulate Commerce Foreign Nations Indian Tribes

Rule Naturalization Laws Bankruptcies

Coin Value Fix Standard Weights Measures

Counterfeiting Securities Current

Post Offices Roads

Progress Science Useful Arts Securing Limited Authors Inventors Exclusive Right Writings Discoveries

Tribunals Inferior Supreme Court

Define Piracies Felonies Committed High Seas Offences

Declare War Grant Letters Marque Reprisal Concerning Captures Land Water

Raise Support Armies Appropriation Use Longer

Maintain Navy

Government Regulation Naval Forces

Calling Forth Militia Execute Suppress Insurrections Repel Invasions

Organizing Arming Disciplining Governing Part Them Employed Reserving Appointment Training Discipline

Legislation Whatsoever Over District Exceeding Miles Square Cession Particular Acceptance Seat Purchased Erection Forts Magazines Arsenals Dock-Yards Needful Buildings

Proper Carrying Execution Foregoing Department Officer

Section 9. Migration Importation Now Existing Think Admit Prohibited Prior Hundred Tax Duty Imposed Dollars

Privilege Writ Habeas Corpus Suspended Rebellion Invasion Public Safety

Attainder Ex Facto

Capitation Laid Proportion Census Directed Taken

Articles Exported

Preference Given Ports Another Vessels Obliged Clear

Drawn Appropriations Regular Statement Account Receipts Expenditures Published

Title Nobility Accept Emolument Kind Whatever King Prince

Section 10. Treaty Alliance Confederation Emit Thing Gold Silver Tender Payment Impairing Obligation Contracts

Imports Exports What Absolutely Executing It's Inspection Net Produce Revision Controul

Tonnage Troops Ships Agreement Compact Engage Actually Invaded Imminent Danger Will Delay

Article II

Section 1. Follows

Equal Elector

Meet Ballot Whom Themselves List Voted Certify Transmit Sealed Presence Open Certificates Counted Having Greatest There Highest Said Choice Should Remain


Natural Born Adoption Eligible Fourteen Resident

Death Inability Discharge Devolve Declaring Act Accordingly Disability Removed

Stated Increased Diminished Period

Following I Solemnly Swear Affirm Faithfully Best My Ability Preserve Protect Defend

Section 2. Commander Army Called Opinion Writing Principal Departments Upon Relating Reprieves Pardons

Advice Treaties Provided Nominate Ambassadors Ministers Consuls Judges Whose Are Established Vest Alone Courts Heads

Up Granting Commissions Expire End

Section 3. Information Recommend Consideration Expedient Extraordinary Occasions Convene Disagreement Between Respect Care Executed Commission

Section 4. Conviction Bribery Crimes Misdemeanors

Article III

Section 1. Judicial Good

Section 2. Equity Arising Affecting Admiralty Maritime Jurisdiction Controversies Citizens Claiming Lands Grants Subjects

Original Mentioned Appellate Fact Exceptions

Jury Held Where

Section 3. Only Levying Adhering Enemies Giving Aid Comfort Testimony Witnesses Overt Confession

Work Corruption Blood Forfeiture Life Attainted

Article IV

Section 1. Full Faith Acts Records Prescribe Proved

Section 2. Privileges Immunities

Charged Crime Flee Found Demand Fled Delivered

Labour Escaping Therein Discharged Claim Due

Section 3. Admitted Formed Erected Junction Legislatures Concerned Well

Dispose Respecting Territory Property Belonging Nothing Construed Prejudice Claims

Section 4. Guarantee Republican Application Cannot Convened Violence

Article V

Whenever Deem Call Convention Proposing Valid Intents Purposes Ratified Fourths Conventions Mode Ratification Proposed Amendment Affect Clauses Ninth Section Article Deprived Suffrage

Article VI

Contracted Engagements

Pursuance Thereby Contrary Notwithstanding

Religious Test Ever Required Qualification

Article VII

Sufficient Establishment Ratifying

Amendment I

Religion Prohibiting Abridging Freedom Press Peaceably Petition Redress Grievances

Amendment II

Regulated Security Bear Arms Infringed

Amendment III

Soldier Quartered Owner

Amendment IV

Papers Effects Unreasonable Searches Seizures Violated Warrants Probable Cause Supported Particularly Describing Searched Things Seized

Amendment V

Answer Capital Infamous Presentment Grand Offence Twice Put Jeopardy Limb Compelled Criminal Witness Himself Process Private Just

Amendment VI

Prosecutions Accused Speedy Impartial Wherein Previously Informed Nature Accusation Confronted Compulsory Obtaining Favor Assistance Counsel

Amendment VII

Suits Controversy Preserved Reexamined

Amendment VIII

Excessive Bail Fines Cruel Unusual Punishments Inflicted

Amendment IX

Certain Rights Deny Disparage Others Retained

Amendment X

Delegated Reserved

Amendment XI

Suit Commenced Prosecuted

Amendment XII

Vice-President Name Ballots Distinct Lists Choose Choosing Two-Thirds March Constitutional Constitutionally Ineligible

Amendment XIII

Section 1. Slavery Involuntary Servitude Duly Exist

Section 2. Enforce Appropriate

Amendment XIV

Section 1. Naturalized Reside Abridge Deprive Protection

Section 2. Counting Denied Male Inhabitants Twenty-One Way Abridged Participation Basis Reduced

Section 3. Military Engaged Insurrection Remove

Section 4. Validity Debt Incurred Pensions Bounties Suppressing Assume Loss Emancipation Slave Obligations Illegal Void

Section 5. Provisions

Amendment XV

Section 1. Race Color Previous Condition

Section 2.(no new words)

Amendment XVI

Incomes Source Derived Apportionment Regard

Amendment XVII

(no new words)



Amendment XVIII

Section 1. Manufacture Sale Transportation Intoxicating Liquors Exportation Beverage Hereby

Section 2. Concurrent

Section 3. Inoperative Date Submission Hereof

Amendment XIX


(no new words)

Amendment XX

Section 1. Terms Noon 20th January 3d Would Ended Successors Begin

Section 2.(no new words)

Section 3. Fixed Beginning Elect Died Failed Qualify Qualified Selected

Section 4. Devolved

Section 5. Sections 1 2 15th October

Section 6. Three-Fourths

Amendment XXI

Section 1. Eighteenth Repealed

Section 2. Possession Delivery Violation

Section 3.(no new words)

Amendment XXII

Section 1. Has Acted Some Apply Acting Operative Remainder

Section 2.(no new words)

Amendment XXIII

Section 1. Constituting Were Event Populous Addition Considered Perform Twelfth

Section 2.(no new words)

Amendment XXIV

Section 1. Primary Reason Failure Poll

Section 2.(no new words)

Amendment XXV

Section 1.(no new words)

Section 2. Vacancy Confirmation

Section 3. Transmits Written Declaration Unable

Section 4. Body

Thereafter Exists Resume Thereupon Decide Assembling Forty-Eight Hours Receipt Latter Determines Continue

Amendment XXVI

Section 1. Eighteen Older

Section 2.(no new words)

Amendment XXVII

Varying Intervened

There's plenty to work with to accomplish almost any new amendment's purposes without the introduction of any unprecedented sources of abuse which could work to undermine either them or our individual liberties.

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